When laying off a bit, thinking about how he created the architectural art in the past, you find that it’s a story of the charming city built on seven hills. Its rich history makes it a popular tourist destination and a holiday site, especially after the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989. It is believed to be the sixth most-visited European city. This beautiful city Prague is located in the north-west of the country. Situated in its heart, on both banks of the Vltava River, for more than ten centuries housing a series of beautiful bridges. It is the golden Prague city that is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. Prague is divided into ten numbered Praha (districts): Praha 1 through to Praha 10, Praha 1 is the oldest part of the city, original “Town of Prague”, is one of the largest towns, best preserved and most beautiful in the world.
Prague is one of the largest cities in Central Europe and has been a political, cultural, and economic center. Prague has served as the capital of the historic region of Bohemia for centuries. Prague was established by the Renaissance eras and the Gothic and flourishing period. For many decades Prague was the permanent seat of two Holy Roman Emperors during the Gothic and Renaissance eras, and became the capital of the Holy Roman Empire in the fourth century and thus Roman magic with splendor buildings was given. Prague had been recorded as the archaeological heart of the city, located on 866 hectares. Since 1992, it has been resisted as cultural monuments and natural UNESCO World and Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites, due to its extensive historic center.
The city played major roles through the time of the Protestant Reformation and beyond, and after World War I became the capital of Czechoslovakia as it was an important city to the Habsburg Monarchy and its Austro-Hungarian Empire. Prague contains one of the world’s most famous cultural attractions, many of which survived after the violence and destruction from World War I. These wide collections of architecture which Prague is home to are from Romanesque, Gothic to Renaissance, Baroque, Art Nouveau, Cubist, Neo-Classical and ultra-modern. Beside that there are countless theatres, galleries, cinemas, major museums (more than ten) and other historical exhibits.
The effect of great architecture is seen in everywhere in Prague. Large number of beautiful old buildings, overlapping streets and the famous effects; combined with the various schools of architecture, the round-domed style castles, Gothic towers, aristocratic palaces and houses in the style of Renaissance School, and synagogues, churches, convents and monasteries in Baroque-style are also the main characters of this wonder heritage city.
You will see a wonderful view of the domes and church’s towers with gold-plated. When you visit Prague you will find the biggest Prague Castle “Prazsky Hrad” in the entire world, Old Town” Stare Mesto” Hall Tower, Old Town Bridge Tower, Lesser Town Bridge Tower” Mala Strana”, Klementinum, Jindrisska Tower, Petrin and Vysehrad all are historical tourist attractions.
Some popular sites include:
Prague Castle speaks for itself; it is the most significant and easily recognized historical structure of Czech monuments, holding a history of more than 1100 years. Prague Castle is considered the largest and best preserved castle in the world. One of the most important cultural landmarks in the Czech Republic, giving Prague its fairytale image it includes; a palace, three churches and a monastery.
Charles Bridge” Karluv Most”:
The Charles Bridge crossing the Vlatava River is a magnificent structure replacing the Judith Bridge which was badly damaged by floods in 1342. Charles Bridge was constructed in the 14th century (On 9 July 1357) Charles IV personally laid the first foundation stone. The bridge links the two sides of Prague; Castle and the Old Town. The Charles Bridge is a famous sight in Prague, 515 meters long and 10 meters wide, perfect for a romantic, moonlight walk.
Old Town Square & Prague Astronomical Clock:
The oldest gothic part of the complex which is located in the heart of Staré Město and has been Prague’s most popular square It has been a focal point of celebrations and demonstrations for years. The views from the Old Town Hall and beyond is spectacular as it houses the St Nicholas Church, Tyn Cathedral and the Old Town Hall.
The Prague astronomical clock is one of the outstanding sights of Prague, mounted on the Southern wall of the Old Town Hallin in the Old Town Square. The Prague astronomical clock is the oldest functioning clock in the world today and has been in Prague since the 10th century,it is exacitly made in the year 1410. It’s is composed of three main components; The first is astronomical dial,that displays various astronomical details representing the position of the Sun and Moon in the sky and displaying various astronomical details , the second is “The Walk of the Apostles”, a clockwork hourly show of figures of the Twelve wooden Apostles and other moving sculptures;passing along the two windows in every hour of daylight; and finally a calendar dial that rotates and gives the description of each and every day of the year with an indication of the current date at the top, with medallions with zodiac signs representing the months.and a symbol of the Old Town in the centre.
The Jewish quarter;
The Jewish quarter is the smallest cadastral area of Prague. What is left of the Jewish quarter dates back to the 13th century. Most of the ghetto was destroyed in the 19th century. Situated in between the Old town square and the Vltava river. At the Jewish quarter the main attraction that can be visited is Jewish Museum, which is a valuable heritage for the present Czech Republic other sites are the Spanish synagogue, Old Jewish Cemetery, Ceremonial Hall, Klaus synagogue, Maisel synagogue, Pinkas synagogue, and Old New synagogue . The ticket to the Museum covers all these guided areas. Josefov listed on UNESCO historical sights. Prague is a greast city to visit and spend your holiday in.