Florence “City of art and love” it’s an invitation for history, sea and shopping lovers to visit the charming Florence. Florence is the capital city of Tuscany (an Italian region) and of the province of Florence and the most populous city. It is lies along both banks of the Arno River in the region of Tuscany, 230 kilometers northwest of Rome and 129 kilometers inland from Italy’s west coast. The city is surrounded by a circle of sandstone hills. Beyond the circle to the northeast rise foothill spurs of the Apennine mountain range. It was declared a World Heritage Site UNESCO in 1982,and one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
Florence is one of the most charming cities since ancient times in Italy and the world and well known for its history. Florence is famous for its history especially its art, architecture during Roman times and cultural heritage. Florence is a wonderful art center in the nineteenth century that boasts the arts of Arnolfo and Andrea Pisano; Brunelleschi, Donatello, Masaccio, Botticelli, Paolo Uccello and the universal genius of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, all left their mark on Florence. This wonderful art can be seen very clearly through the transitional history movement in the art of architecture. You could feel the art all over the city; museums, palaces, churches and through the buildings and even small streets and routes, Florence houses some of the greatest artistic treasures in the world.
You will breathe the legendary of the artistic heritage, and the city atmosphere in the styles of the Renaissance, the Gothic and Neo-Classical periods, which are formed in the theaters, museums and the cultural facilities which is full of fragrance art history. Florence one of the world’s finest collections of art museums , beautiful art galleries, monumental buildings, magnificent palaces from the 12th century to the early 19th century of European, beautiful churches , the library of San Lorenzo which the is a magnificent exhibition of Michelangelo’s architectural genius, and piazzas, including the Boboli Garden – a peaceful oasis away from streets packed with tourists. These palaces give the city a certain vibrancy that is unique to the rest of the world. The most popular and important sites in Florence include;
Duomo – Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore, located in the heart of Florence with Tuscany’s undulating hills beyond, and its most beautiful cathedral was started in 1296 and completed in1436.
Giotto’s Campanile with its Gothic bell tower built with an amazing Tuscan white, green and pink marble in 1334 and it was completed 22 years later; you’ll enjoy a close view of the Brunelleschi’s cupola and great views of the city.
Ponte Vecchio, is a Medieval stone close – arched bridge over the Arno River, This charming bridge glittered in gold which is the oldest bridge in Florence having shops built along it since the 13th century, was built in 1345.
Baptistry (Battistero) , a beautiful religious building known for its elaborately sculpted doors by Lorenzo Ghiberti (from 1424 to 1452). He spent 21 years on the North Doors and 28 years on the East Doors. The door panels depict stories from the Old Testament. The legend says that Michel Angelo himself said that they were so beautiful that they could serve as the Gates of the Paradise. The panels on the doors are copies; the originals are now on display in the Museo dell ‘Opera del “Duomo where they were taken to be protected from the effects of pollution. The Interior, this octagonal building is in front of the Duomo, one of Florence’s oldest buildings which have the status of a minor basilica .
San Miniato al Monte it is a beautiful Romanesque basilica and one of the most beautiful churches in Italy. It is standing atop one of the highest points (monte) outside Florence with unsurpassed views of the city. San Miniato al Monte was built between 11th and 13th centuries.
Many famous sights deserve to be seen and have to give a visit; Piazza della Signoria and Palazzo Vecchio, Santa Croce, Michelangelo’s Tomb inside Santa Croce ,Boboli Gardens And the museums. The majority of the famous sights can be easily explored on foot. Shopping is the one is the main part of the tour or holiday travel , but the first thing is to decide what sort of shopping you will run, because you’ll find the finest shopping items in Europe. Florence is an important city in Italian fashion. Florence ranked within the top fifty fashion capitals of the world. In Florence You’ll discover the art of fine living in this masterpiece of a city. Florence and its magnificent art and architecture treasures await your visit!