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Africa is the continent where the human history began. It is also the second largest continent of the world (after Asia) includes (53) individual countries.
Egypt‘s capital city, Cairo the largest city in Africa with an estimated 9.2 million population.
Nigeria is easily the most populated country in Africa with a population of more than 113 million. Thousand and even over two thousand languages in Africa, most of them are of African origin, however some are also of European or Asian origin.
Africa is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
European exploration of Africa began with Ancient Greeks and Romans. In 332 BC, Alexander the Great was welcomed as a liberator in Persian-occupied Egypt. It contains the Nile River system, the world’s longest, and the massive Sahara Desert, the worlds largest.
In parts of Africa it is the poorest and most underdeveloped continent, with millions struggling to survive through famine, disease and war, it is full of tourism attraction sites. But it is also a continent that hides amazing treasures and cultures .
Some of the oldest civilizations of Africa were Egypt and Phoenicia. Later, the north of Africa was occupied by the Roman Empire and after by the Arabian Islamic Caliphate
From Egypt to South Africa, one of the oldest civilizations you can find an endless number of impressive natural sites and monuments, including beautiful mountains, such as Namibia’s Fish River Canyon, or the cartoon-like sand dunes of the Namib Desert rising to 300-meter golden peaks. The watery curtain of Victoria Falls.
Believe it or not:
- In Africa it is almost impossible to hold a small wedding? The idea of a private wedding is unknown and is greatly frowned upon. Friends and relatives expect to be invited to a wedding and to play a role in the ceremony.
- The world’s largest diamond was the Culminant, found in South Africa in 1905. It weighed 3,106.75 carats uncut. It was cut into the Great Star of Africa, weighing 530.2 carats, the Lesser Star of Africa, which weighs 317.40 carats, and 104 other diamonds of nearly flawless colour and clarity. They now form part of the British crown jewels.
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