Traveling to Northern Spain,Altamira is a cave located in one of the hills that surround the nice valley where Santillana village is placed, in Spain. This traveling site , Altamira is the cave with the most important paleolithic rock art in Spain and one of the most well-known in the world. Cave of Altamira is famous for its Upper Paleolithic cave (Late Stone Age), in its ceiling there are nearly a hundred of paintings, mysterious signs, featuring drawings , poly-chrome rock paintings of wild mammals ,human hands,Bison, horses, deer, …both painted and engraved, which are the artistic expression of the inhabitants of the cave.
Altamira was the first cave in which prehistoric cave paintings were discovered. Around 13,000 years ago a rockfall sealed the cave’s entrance, preserving its contents until its discovery in1868.The discovery was by chance by the hunter Modesto Cubillas, caused by a nearby tree falling and disturbing the fallen rocks.
Altamira Cave is a cultural landmark in the history of mankind, became a World Heritage site in 1985.
Altamira Cave were being damaged that developed across Europe, from the Urals to the Iberian Peninusula, from 35,000 to 11,000 BC.
These caves are well preserve, because of their deep galleries, isolated from external climatic influences of wind and water.
The Altamira Cave consists of a series of rooms chambers, and twisting passages shaped like an S , 270 meters long. The paintings are located in the deep recesses of caves.
During the 1960s and 1970s, the paintings in the Altamira Cave were being damaged by the damp breath of huge numbers of visitors.
Altamira was completely closed to the public in 1977, as a necessary measure to protect the magnificent artwork.
A replica cave and museum were built nearby to allow traveling visitors to view the amazing artworks.
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